The formation of the Town of Wynyard began like many other communities in Saskatchewan– the townsite was plotted by the Canadian Pacific Railroad (CPR) along a proposed rail line route. The CPR registered the townsite in 1907. OnOctober 9, 1908 the Village of Wynyard was officially incorporated with the Province of Saskatchewan. On November 1, 1911 the Town ofWynyard was officially incorporated with the Province.
The origins of the name given to the townsite came from the family of the wife of a CPR official. That family name was Wynyard. Many names of communities inSaskatchewan share the common thread of being named after a family name, or extended family name, of a CPR official.
The original townsite was the equivalent to two quarter sections of land, or approximately 1.3 square kilometres. The Town of Wynyard now encompasses approximately eight quarter sections of land, or approximately 5.2 square kilometres.
The first wave of settlers to the area was of Icelandic descent. The Icelandic people were drawn to the area because of the Quill Lakes. The area from Dafoe to Foam Lake is known as Vatnabygg, or “The Lakes District”, and is currently the largest geographic Icelandic settlement outside of Iceland.
The first wave of Icelandic settlers in the Wynyard area was soon followed by a large number of Ukrainian settlers and then British and Polish settlers. Also, there has always been a small number of Asian immigrants, mostly Chinese. More recently Wynyard has seen African and Filipino immigrants come to Wynyard. The ethnic diversity is not only seen in Wynyard but all across Canada.
The Town of Wynyard is located along the Yellowhead Highway(Highway #16) in East-Central Saskatchewan. Wynyard is about equal distance from three major centres, namelyRegina(175 km),Saskatoon(200 km) and Yorkton(150 km). Wynyard is a community of approximately 1,800 people, although, people from Wynyard like to say that our size is 2,000. Wynyard has a solid business sector, with a strong emphasis on agriculture, lots of recreation facilities, and a very strong arts & culture community.
Canada Census (2006) 1,767 people
Sask.Health Census 2,070 people
|0 to 4 years||95|
|5 to 9 years||100|
|10 to 14 years||90|
|15 to 19 years||85|
|20 to 24 years||75|
|25 to 29 years||70|
|30 to 34 years||100|
|35 to 39 years||105|
|40 to 44 years||105|
|45 to 49 years||120|
|50 to 54 years||130|
|55 to 59 years||140|
|60 to 64 years||110|
|65 to 69 years||75|
|70 to 74 years||70|
|75 to 79 years||75|
|80 to 84 years||80|
|85 years and over||130|
|Median age of the population5||46.9|
|% of the population aged 15 and over||83.8|
The Town of Wynyard has approximately 1,200 listed properties, including vacant land. Of these numbers about 900 are listed as residential properties. The vast majority of these residential properties are the regular houses in which most people live. These houses are referred to as “semi-detached”. The residential houses are of all types, sizes, ages, and conditions. Some houses date back to the 1920’s and some are currently under construction. The smallest house is approximately 400 square feet and the largest is approximately 2,500 square feet.
Wynyard is also home to two apartment buildings and two other larger dwellings that have three or more living units. Wynyard also has approximately ten duplex or “semi-attached” dwelling units. There are also two condominium developments that contain thirteen living units.
Senior citizen housing is very prevalent in Wynyard and is administered by the Wynyard Housing Authority. Westview contains 26 living units and Maple Grove contains 12 living units. These two senior citizen housing projects have common meeting areas for the residents. The East View Housing Complex contains 14 living units.
The Town of Wynyard and area has approximately 100 commercial and home-based businesses including the large company of Lilydale. Lilydale employs approximately 350 people and up to 550 people when they are at peak production. Other major employers are the CPR, the Wynyard Coop, the Hospital and Golden Acres, Big Quill Resources, and Maple Farm Equipment. The majority of other businesses employ from 1 to 10 employees.
A person can purchase almost everything they need right in Wynyard. On the commercial business side we have food stores, restaurants, financial institutions, hardware stores, lumber yards, car dealers, farm equipment dealers, autobody shops, garages, septic services, grain companies, furniture stores, clothing stores, lawyers, accountants, pharmacies, insurance brokers, gift shops, a flower shop, a bakery, tire shops, hair stylists, plumbers, a day spa, a post office, government agencies, and others.
On the home-based business side we have hair stylists, carpenters, plumbers, electricians, photographers, web-site designers, massage therapists, painters, dog groomers, nail technicians, clothing distributors, yard maintenance (grass cutting, snow removal, garden tilling), auctioneers, carpet cleaners, and others.
Wynyard has two public schools, theWynyard Elementary Schooland the Wynyard Composite High School. Wynyard also has a pre-school program that is run both privately and through the Elementary School. In addition to these programs, adults can further their education at the Carlton Trail Regional College that is located at the High School. Adults can take courses for their own enjoyment, to enhance their careers, and they can even take some University classes.
Wynyard is also home to Wynyard C.A.R.R.E.S, which stands for Community Access to Respite, Rehabilitation, and Educational Services. This program provides services, including education, to people with mental disabilities.
The Town of Wynyard has an “integrated” hospital. “Integrated” refers to the fact that the facility is a hospital and a senior citizen long-term care facility, otherwise know as Golden Acres. The hospital has eight beds, a lab, and x-ray machine. Golden Acres has 59 long-term beds for people that are no longer able to care for themselves.
The Town of Wynyard also has a Medical Clinic that was built in 2005. This Clinic can hold up to five doctors and two Nurse Practitioners. There are currently only three doctors and one Nurse Practitioner at the Clinic.
The Town ofWynyard also has other people that practice in the health field. We have chiropractors, optometrists, physical therapists, massage therapists, and people that deal in health supplements and other alternative health practices.
In addition to the health areas we also have very modern and professional safety organizations in Wynyard. The RCMP provides policing services to Wynyard. There are currently five members and two support staff at the local detachment. The Town of Wynyard has recently built a new RCMP building to house the detachment. Midway Ambulance provides emergency service to the residents of Wynyard and area. Midway Ambulance provides well trained EMTs and a modern ambulance to perform their duties. The Wynyard Fire Department has twenty volunteer members. Although volunteers, the members spend a lot of time taking training in fire fighting and rescue practices. Rescue practices are important as the Fire Department responds to a large number of motor vehicle accidents in addition to all the fire calls in the surrounding area.
Electricity and natural gas, the commodities used to run your appliances, light your house, and heat your homes are provided by SaskPower and SaskEnergy. Telephone service is provided by SaskTel. All three of these companies have offices located in the Town ofWynyard.
The Town of Wynyard provides water, sewer, and waste disposal services. The Town’s landfill site is located approximately three kilometres from Wynyard. Every residence and business is allowed to discard a determined amount of garbage per week. 2-3 times a week the Town employees pick up garbage. That garbage is compacted right in the garbage truck and taken to the landfill site. Garbage pickup is paid for through property taxes; however, if someone puts out more garbage than allowed then they are charged for the extra garbage.
The Town’s water and sewer system was first developed in the 1950’s and has evolved to a complex system of wells, treatment plants, reservoirs, piping, and lagoons. Over the years the Town has developed thirteen wells, ten of which are still active. One inactive well is located within the Town limits and the remaining wells are located 2-7 km outside of Town. We have one reservoir located in Town and one located across the road from the Regional Park about 2 km south of Wynyard.
Water is pumped from our network of wells through pipelines and processed at the water treatment plant located on 8th Street East (beside the Kinsmen Park). The water goes through a filtration system and is treated with chemicals to remove impurities and particles so that the water is safe to drink. The water is then pumped out to our reservoirs or directly to the distribution system. The distribution system consists of the pipes located beneath most of the streets in Wynyard. Every home and business that uses water has a service line that connects their building to the water pipes under the streets. The pipes are located under the streets so that they do not freeze during the winter months.
The sewer system is the opposite of the water system. The water system is designed to deliver water to your property while the sewer system is designed to take waste water away from your property. Every time you flush the toilet, wash a load of laundry, take a bath, or do the dishes, that waste water is sent to the sewer pipes that are also located under the streets. For the most part gravity is all that is needed to keep things flowing in the sewer pipes; however, we do have a sewer lift station located on 5th Street West that assists the flow of sewage.
All sewage ends up in the Town’s lagoon located near the landfill site. The lagoon is a two cell facultative system. A facultative lagoon is one which uses the sun, oxygen, and existing micro-organisms (algae) to break down the sewage. The sewage is pumped into one cell and allowed to break down. When the first cell is full then the second cell is used. While the second cell is used the sewage in the first cell is allowed to break down naturally. By the time the second cell is filled, a process that takes up to six months, the first cell contents has broken down and turned to clear liquid. That clear liquid is then pumped into Big Quill Lake and then the process repeats itself.
The Town of Wynyard’s only means of public transportation is the Special Services Bus. The Town operates the Special Services Bus for the use of senior citizens and people with either physical or mental handicaps. The Town pays for the operation of the bus; however, the Provincial Government and the Kinsmen Telemiracle Foundation supplied most of the funds to purchase the vehicle.
The Town of Wynyard has numerous churches in which people worship. There are two Catholic churches (Roman Catholic and Ukrainian Catholic), the Gospel Church, the United Church, the Anglican Church, the Lutheran Church, the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, the Jehovah’s Witness Church, and the Unitarian Church.
The residents of the Town of Wynyard can be very proud of the recycling in which they partake. From very humble beginnings in the 1980’s, the recycling in Wynyard has evolved into a very comprehensive program. SARCAN Recycling collects bottles, cans, electronic equipment, and paint cans. SARC Recycling collects used oil and other similar products. The Town of Wynyard’s recycling program collects cardboard, newspaper, office paper, tin cans, plastic containers, glass containers, and wax and plastic milk containers.
All of the recycling projects mentioned are very important as they keep a significant amount of household waste out of the landfill site. It is good for the environment and it lengthens the lifespan of the landfill site.
The Town of Wynyard has many recreation facilities and options for recreation activities. The Wynyard Memorial Arena and the Wynyard Swimming Pool are probably the two most popular recreation sites. The arena hosts many hockey teams and figure skating classes. The swimming pool conducts public swimming, synchronized swimming, and swimming lessons. The Wynyard Centennial Sportsgrounds contain four ball diamonds, a canteen area, and horseshoe pits. The Wynyard Golf Club is a very nice nine hole grass green golf course. There are tennis courts located at the high school. In addition to these recreation sites there are also three parks (Kinsmen, Lions, and Pelepian) which contain modern playground equipment. The Town of Wynyard also has a Curling Rink and operates the Wynyard Regional Park where there are camping, fishing, and hiking opportunities.
In addition to the Town of Wynyard’s recreation facilities there are other private and public recreation opportunities in the community. There is a private gym located on Bosworth Street. Also, both the elementary school and the high school have gymnasiums in which many sports can be played. The high school also has a track and field that also contains a football/soccer field. There are also a few private clubs that offer recreation opportunities, for example the Tae Kwon Do Club.
The Town of Wynyard is host to a vast array of arts and cultural programs. Whether you like to sing, dance, act, play instruments, paint, bake, grow flowers, or many other activities, there is a club in Wynyard for that particular activity. The Wynyard School of Dance offers dance opportunities for people of all ages. There is even a private class for people that wish to learn belly dancing. Other clubs in Wynyard include the Wynyard Wynter Wynds Theatre Group, the Wynyard Arts Council, the Wynyard Horticultural Society, the Wynyard Pottery Club, and many singing groups.
In addition to the numerous clubs listed above there are many other arts and cultural activities in Wynyard. Many groups hold bake sales and arts & craft shows. Also, both the elementary school and the high school have drama clubs, band programs, singing programs, and art programs. There is also a community Carol Festival. There are also more professional programs brought in by groups such as the Arts Council or Icelandic Club, singers such as Jeffrey Staker from Raymore or the Icelandic National Choir. The Mayor also hosts a New Year’s Levee in which many local and provincial acts perform.
The Town of Wynyard is also the location of the Quill Lakes Interpretive Centre. The Interpretive Centre is located in the former fire hall at the Civic Centre complex. The interpretive centre contains a wealth of information about the numerous birds and other wildlife found in the Quill Lakes region.
Agriculture plays the biggest role in affecting the prosperity in Wynyard. In one way or another, agriculture determines how successful businesses are, the number of people that live in Wynyard, and ultimately how many services are sustainable in our community. It is important to note that agriculture includes the farms that surround Wynyard, Lilydale, the Lilydale Hatchery, and the poultry barns in and around Wynyard.
The agriculture sector is the reason that Wynyard has three financial institutions, three insurance providers, two farm implement dealers, two pharmacies, two law offices, three accounting offices, three garages, two grocery stores, and so forth. A strong agriculture sector promotes a lot of spin-off business to serve the industry.
Recently there has been a lot of talk about potash resources in Saskatchewan. Wynyard is located near two potential potash projects that could have a huge impact on Wynyard and area in terms of population growth and economic growth.
BHP Billiton is currently proceeding with the Jansen Lake Potash Mine which is located about 40 km northwest of Wynyard. If this mine proceeds then employment could reach 1,000 people. Karnalyte Resources Inc. is currently proceeding with a feasibility study to set up a solution mine about 2 km south of Wynyard. The mine would produce potash and magnesium. Although not as large as the BHP mine, the Karnalyte mine will employ up to 150 people.
The Town of Wynyard is a great community in which to live. It is clean, has many businesses, and has many groups, clubs, and services which provide all the programs needed that make small town living so enjoyable.